The use of ultrasonography and nonoperative management of solid organ injury has become standard practice in many trauma centers. Little is known about the effects of these changes on resident educational experience.We retrospectively reviewed resident evaluation of abdominal trauma and trauma operative experience as reported to the residency review committee between 1994 and 1999.A total of 4,052 patients underwent one or more of three diagnostic modalities. The nontherapeutic laparotomy rate as a result of positive diagnostic peritoneal lavages decreased from 35% to 14%. Although resident operative trauma experience was stable because of increases in operative burns and nonabdominal trauma, the number of abdominal procedures declined.Noninvasive diagnostic tests have allowed more rapid trauma evaluation and fewer nontherapeutic laparotomies. As nonoperative experience grows, the opportunity for operative experience decreases. These trends may adversely affect the education of residents and suggest that novel approaches are needed to ensure adequate operative experience in trauma.
View details for Web of Science ID 000169278400011
View details for PubMedID 11426114