THE USE OF CADAVER KIDNEYS FOR TRANSPLANTATION IN YOUNG-CHILDREN TRANSPLANTATION So, S. K., Gillingham, K., Cook, M., Mauer, S. M., Matas, A., Nevins, T. E., Chavers, B. M., Najarian, J. S. 1990; 50 (6): 979-983


The role of cadaver kidney transplantation in the management of end-stage renal disease in young children is controversial. To assess the current risk-benefit ratio of cadaver first and second kidney transplants in recipients under 6 years of age, we compared the outcome of 19 transplants performed between 1984 and 1989 using a quadruple-drug regimen (Minnesota antilymphocyte globulin, azathioprine, prednisone, cyclosporine) with the outcome of 25 transplants performed prior to 1984 without the use of cyclosporine at a single institution. Twenty-five transplants were in children under the age of 3 years. In the last decade patient survival has significantly improved. One-year patient survival improved from 53% before 1979 to 90% since 1979 (P less than 0.05). The use of the quadruple-drug regimen since 1984 was associated with a significant improvement in one-year cadaver graft function from 40% before 1979 to 78% in recipients under 6 years of age, and from 22% to 82% in recipients under 3 years of age (P less than 0.05). With the quadruple-drug regimen, one-year and four-year graft function rates for children under 6 years of age were 83% for first cadaver transplants and 72% for second cadaver transplants, which were essentially the same results as in older children and adults. Children who received kidneys from donors over 4 years of age achieved the best result, with 87% one-year graft function compared with 50% for kidneys from donors under 4 years old. In 15 children with successful transplants, 8 (53%) showed accelerated growth, 5 (33%) had normal-velocity growth, and only 2 children (14%) with suboptimal renal function had poor growth following transplantation. Therefore, we believe that with a quadruple-drug immunosuppressive protocol, cadaver renal transplantation using kidneys from adults or pediatric donors over 4 years old is an acceptable form of treatment in young children with end-stage renal disease for whom there are no suitable living-related donors.

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View details for PubMedID 2256171