Intrathecal morphine 100 and 200 mu g for post-cesarean delivery analgesia: a trade-off between analgesic efficacy and side effects INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBSTETRIC ANESTHESIA Wong, J. Y., Carvalho, B., Riley, E. T. 2013; 22 (1): 36-41


Intrathecal morphine is highly effective for post-cesarean analgesia; however, the optimal dose is yet to be established. The aim of this study was to compare analgesia and side effects after a change in institutional practice to give 200 µg rather than 100 µg.We conducted a retrospective chart review of 241 patients who had an elective cesarean delivery and received either 100 or 200 µg of intrathecal morphine. The primary outcome variables were mean and peak verbal pain scores (0-10) and analgesic use (milligram-morphine equivalents). Postoperative administration of antiemetics, antipruritics and episodes of nausea or vomiting were recorded. Data are reported as mean±SD or percentages with P<0.05 considered statistically significant.Women receiving intrathecal morphine 200 µg had lower pain scores and opioid use compared with morphine 100 µg. Mean verbal pain scores were 1.6±1.1 versus 2.0±1.1 (P=0.01) and peak verbal pain scores were 4.9±2.0 versus 5.6±1.8, respectively (P=0.008). The group receiving 200 µg used less opioids in the first 24 h after surgery (44±35 versus 54±35 milligram-morphine equivalents, respectively, P=0.04) and received less intravenous opioids (18% versus 30%, P=0.02). However, women receiving intrathecal morphine 200 µg had more nausea (mean number of episodes of nausea 1.9±1.3 versus 1.6±1.3, P=0.037) and used more antiemetics (52% versus 24%, P<0.0001).Intrathecal morphine 200 µg provided better analgesia but with more nausea compared with morphine 100 µg. Our results can be used to help guide intrathecal morphine dosing in cesarean delivery based on patient preference for analgesia versus side effects.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ijoa.2012.09.006

View details for Web of Science ID 000315829600007

View details for PubMedID 23159009