Phylogenetic analysis of the reverse transcriptase (RT) and protease of 117 published complete human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 genome sequences demonstrated that these genes cluster into distinct subtypes. There was a slightly higher proportion of informative sites in the RT (40.4%) than in the protease (34.8%; P= .03). Although most variation between subtypes was due to synonymous nucleotide substitutions, several subtype-specific amino acid patterns were observed. In the protease, the subtype-specific variants included 7 positions associated with drug resistance. Variants at positions 10, 20, 36, and 82 were more common in non-B isolates, whereas variants at positions 63, 77, and 93 were more common in subtype B isolates. In the RT, the subtype-specific mutations did not include positions associated with anti-retroviral drug resistance. RT and protease sequences from 2246 HIV-infected persons in northern California were also examined: 99.4% of the sequences clustered with subtype B, whereas 0.6% clustered with subtype A, C, or D.
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View details for PubMedID 11574914
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC2597357