Two groups of prepubertal children with severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome received continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment using a nasal mask. The five children in group A had nasal CPAP only in a hospital setting; the five children in group B received the treatment at home as well. Four of these five children, who have now been followed for as long as 10 months, have adapted well to the treatment at home. The problems encountered with nasal CPAP as a home treatment, such as poor cooperation from parents, allergic rashes, eye irritation resulting from air leaks, are discussed. Despite the problems, nasal CPAP is a valid alternative to tracheostomy in children as young as 3 years of age.
View details for Web of Science ID A1986E633300005
View details for PubMedID 3532018