Deficiency of the enzyme purine nucleoside phosphorylase is associated with a specific depletion of T cells which is presumably mediated by its substrate, 2'-deoxyguanosine. Inhibitors of this enzyme are therefore being developed as potential immunosuppressive agents. We have compared the effects of 8-aminoguanosine, a competitive inhibitor of purine nucleoside phosphorylase, on the metabolism of 2'-deoxyguanosine by human T lymphoblasts, B lymphoblasts, and mature T-cell lines. 8-Aminoguanosine markedly potentiates the accumulation of dGTP in T lymphoblasts, but results in increased GTP levels in B lymphoblasts and mature T cells. GTP accumulation is associated with ATP depletion of a magnitude similar to that seen with an inhibitor of de novo purine biosynthesis, but does not result in inhibition of either DNA or RNA synthesis. In contrast, direct inhibition of de novo purine biosynthesis sharply decreased the incorporation of [3H]uridine into both DNA and RNA. We conclude that the mechanism of cell damage resulting from prolonged accumulation of GTP appears to involve more than inhibition of de novo purine biosynthesis and consequent ATP depletion. Perturbations in guanine nucleotide pools resulting from partial inhibition of purine nucleoside phosphorylase activity in vivo could result in cellular toxicity not limited to the target T cell population.
View details for Web of Science ID A1985APH5700004
View details for PubMedID 3875100