Developmental sleep patterns were compared in infants at known risk for "near-miss" sudden infant death syndrome and age-matched normal infants. Near-miss SIDS infants had significant differences suggestive of a temporary developmental delay. They retained rapid eye movement (REM) sleep at neonatal proportions, and stage 2 non-REM sleep appeared later. They also had a significantly increased apnea index. Twenty-four-hour recordings of sleep and respiratory patterns in near-miss SIDS infants from 3 weeks through 6 months of age showed a significant reduction in number of body movements in REM, non-REM, and total sleep time and in percentage of movement time at 3 weeks through 3 months of age. These findings can be used to address the role of arousal threshold in infants at risk for SIDS.
View details for Web of Science ID A1985AUG4900014
View details for PubMedID 4056972