IMPACT OF TRANSJUGULAR INTRAHEPATIC PORTOSYSTEMIC SHUNT ON ORTHOTOPIC LIVER-TRANSPLANTATION 35th World Congress of the International-Society-of-Surgery Menegaux, F., Baker, E., Keeffe, E. B., Monge, H., Egawa, H., Esquivel, C. O. SPRINGER. 1994: 866–71


Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is being increasingly utilized prior to liver transplantation for portal hypertensive bleeding refractory to sclerotherapy or as initial management of variceal bleeding. The impact of TIPS on subsequent orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is uncertain. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of TIPS on OLT in terms of operative transfusion requirements, operative time, length of hospital stay, and graft and patient survival. The results in 17 patients undergoing TIPS for control of initial or recurrent variceal bleeding prior to OLT between June 1991 and December 1992 were compared to two other groups undergoing transplantation: 32 control patients with a history of variceal bleeding not treated by TIPS and 11 patients with a previous surgical portosystemic shunt. Compared with control and surgical shunt patients, patients who underwent TIPS had less transfusion requirement for packed red blood cells and fresh frozen plasma during OLT. The operative time and hospital stay of the TIPS patients were slightly, but not significantly, less. In contrast to patients having TIPS, the patients with a history of a previous surgical shunt had an increased requirement for packed red blood cells, longer operative time, and longer stay in the intensive care unit and hospital. Two patients had recurrent variceal bleeding after TIPS; one patient was found to have an occluded stent, and the other patient (with a patent stent) responded to sclerotherapy. Of the 14 patients with ascites, 8 patients improved and 6 patients had complete resolution after TIPS. There were no major complications related to TIPS, although 3 patients had new or recurrent hepatic encephalopathy that was easily manageable.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

View details for Web of Science ID A1994PY17700011

View details for PubMedID 7846910