MOLECULAR AND BIOCHEMICAL-COMPARISON OF THE 70-KDA HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS OF TRYPANOSOMA-CRUZI JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY Olson, C. L., Nadeau, K. C., Sullivan, M. A., Winquist, A. G., Donelson, J. E., Walsh, C. T., Engman, D. M. 1994; 269 (5): 3868-3874


An analysis of the genetic organization, regulated expression and biochemical properties of the cytoplasmic/nuclear (hsp70) and mitochondrial (mtp70) 70-kDa heat shock proteins of Trypanosoma cruzi is presented. The two proteins are encoded by tandemly arranged gene families that are located on different chromosomes. Both are mildly heat-inducible but have different optimal temperatures for expression. During the switch from proliferation to differentiation that occurs during the growth of T. cruzi in culture, the hsp70 level decreases dramatically while the mtp70 level falls only slightly. The subcellular locations of the two proteins differ during heat shock. While mtp70 remains associated with the kinetoplast at all temperatures, hsp70 becomes more concentrated in the nucleus at higher temperatures. Biochemical analysis of hsp70 and mtp70 revealed both to be potent ATPases. Each protein binds ATP with a Km of about 70 microM and hydrolyzes ATP with a kcat of about 100 min-1, 100 times greater than the kcat of human hsp70. The high ATPase activities of hsp70 and mtp70 are further stimulated by incubation with peptides, suggesting that these trypanosome heat shock proteins have protein chaperone activity. Finally, mtp70, but not hsp70, was found to possess autophosphorylation activity in vitro, a property that it shares with prokaryotic hsp70. These findings demonstrate unique cellular and biochemical characteristics of T. cruzi mtp70 and hsp70 that suggest that they play distinct physiologic roles in the biology of the cell.

View details for Web of Science ID A1994MV63100107

View details for PubMedID 8106432