The present in vitro study investigated the interaction between cholecystokinin (CCK) and receptors on human sphincter of Oddi tissue obtained from donated human livers that were being transplanted.Radiolabeled ligands with cholecystokinin receptor specificity, autoradiography, and crystal scintillation counting were used to directly characterize cholecystokinin receptors on tissue sections.The binding of 125I-BH-CCK-8 to the tissue was saturable, specific, and dependent on time, pH, and temperature. Saturable binding of 125I-BH-CCK-8 was localized on the smooth muscle layer, and binding was inhibited only by cholecystokinin-related peptides. Computer analysis of 125I-BH-CCK-8 binding indicated the presence of two classes of binding sites, one with a high affinity and the other with a low affinity for CCK-8. CCK-8 caused relaxation (half-maximal concentration, 6 nmol/L) and carbachol caused contraction (half-maximal concentration, 10 nmol/L) of circular, cross-sectional strips of the tissue. Longitudinal strips were less responsive. The relative 125I-BH-CCK-8 binding inhibition potency of CCK-8 agreed closely with its relative ability to cause sphincter relaxation. Tetrodotoxin (1 mumol/L) and atropine (1 mumol/L) caused a rightward shift of the dose-response curve for CCK-8-stimulated sphincter relaxation.The present results indicate that cholecystokinin receptors on the human sphincter of Oddi are sulfate dependent and mediate sphincter relaxation.
View details for Web of Science ID A1993MF75400013
View details for PubMedID 8236019