INTRAHEPATIC PORTOSYSTEMIC VASCULAR STENTS - A BRIDGE TO HEPATIC TRANSPLANTATION SURGERY Woodle, E. S., Darcy, M., White, H. M., Perdrizet, G. A., Vesely, T. M., Picus, D., Hicks, M., So, S. K., Jendrisak, M. D., McCullough, C. S., Marsh, J. W. 1993; 113 (3): 344-351


Refractory esophageal variceal hemorrhage (EVH) remains a formidable problem in patients awaiting liver transplantations. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) have provided an alternative approach for managing EVH that may obviate the need for portosystemic shunt surgery. Experience with TIPS placement and subsequent successful hepatic transplantation in patients without previous portosystemic shunt surgery has not been previously reported. Two patients are reported who underwent TIPS placement and subsequent successful hepatic transplantation without previous portosystemic shunt surgery. This experience indicates that (1) TIPS can provide effective control of EVH for at least several weeks, (2) TIPS placement decreases portal hypertension, thus facilitating technical performance of the transplant procedure and minimizing blood loss, (3) TIPS may undergo vascular incorporation, thus requiring that they be accurately positioned so that the lengths of suprahepatic inferior vena cava and portal vein are not compromised at the time of transplantation, (4) TIPS thrombosis can be effectively treated and prolonged patency may be observed, and (5) deterioration in hepatic function and exacerbation of hepatic encephalopathy were not observed after TIPS placement. In summary, TIPS provide an attractive, effective means for managing refractory EVH in patients awaiting liver transplantation.

View details for Web of Science ID A1993KP83100018

View details for PubMedID 8441970