The effects of three different dosage schedules on both therapeutic effect and pulmonary toxicity of bleomycin were studied in mice. Therapy was assessed by both survival and decreased tumor size in mice bearing Lewis lung carcinoma. Lung toxicity was estimated in nontumored mice as increases in lung collagen content by measuring lung hydroxyproline concentrations. In the first set of experiments, bleomycin injections twice daily (low-dose, high-frequency) produced a significant (34%) increase in lifespan over controls, whereas the same total dose given twice weekly did not result in increased survival. Both schedules produced pulmonary toxicity. Continuous sc infusion of bleomycin via an osmotic minipump was compared to these two schedules of intermittent injection. Identical total doses of drug were administered in all three schedules. Continuous infusion for 7 days produced marked inhibition of tumor growth (T/C = 16%), which was significantly better than twice weekly or ten-times weekly injection of the same total dose. Furthermore, at a total dose of 40 mg/kg of bleomycin, continuous infusion did not result in measurable pulmonary toxicity, whereas both schedules of bolus injection produced significant increases in lung collagen content. Thus, continuous infusion of bleomycin improved its therapeutic effect against Lewis lung carcinoma and also reduced its pulmonary toxicity.
View details for Web of Science ID A1978GN70800004
View details for PubMedID 87269