Echocardiograghic score as a predictor of in-hospital cost in patients undergoing percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY Eisenberg, M. J., Ballal, R., Heidenreich, P. A., Brown, K. J., Griffin, B. P., Casale, P. N., Tuzcu, E. M. 1996; 78 (7): 790-794


Percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (PBMV) is an effective means of palliating mitral stenosis, but it sometimes leads to adverse clinical outcomes and exorbitant in-hospital costs. Because echocardiographic score is known to be predictive of clinical outcome in patients undergoing PBMV, we examined whether it could also be used to predict in-hospital cost. Preprocedure echocardiographic scores, baseline clinical characteristics, and total in-hospital costs were examined among 45 patients who underwent PBMV between January 1, 1992, and January 1, 1994. Patients ranged in age from 18 to 71 years and had preprocedure echocardiographic scores that ranged from 4 to 12. Following PBMV, mean mitral valve area increased from 1.1 +/- 0.3 to 2.4 +/- 0.6 cm2 (p = 0.0001), and mean pressure gradient decreased from 18.3 +/- 5.9 to 6.7 +/- 2.7 mm Hg (p = 0.0001). In-hospital cost for the 45 patients ranged from $3,591 to $70,975 (mean $9,417; median $5,311). Univariate and multiple linear regression analyses demonstrated that among the variables examined, echocardiographic score (p = 0.0007), age (p = 0.01), and preprocedure mitral valve gradient (p = 0.03) were associated with in-hospital cost. Regression modeling suggested that every increase in preprocedure echocardiographic score of one grade was associated with an increase in in-hospital cost of $2,663. Because echocardiographic score is predictive of both clinical outcome and in-hospital cost, we conclude that patients with elevated scores should be considered for alternative therapy.

View details for Web of Science ID A1996VN50700012

View details for PubMedID 8857484