Sequential cytokine expression in renal allografts in rats immunosuppressed with maintenance cyclosporine or mycophenolate mofetil TRANSPLANTATION Nadeau, K. C., Azuma, H., Tilney, N. L. 1996; 62 (9): 1363-1366


Although the immunosuppressive agents used clinically modulate acute rejection of organ allografts, their ability to prevent chronic rejection has been less clear. To ascertain the effects of prolonged maintenance treatment with cyclosporine (CsA) and mycophenolate mofetil, we examined sequential patterns of cytokine regulation by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction in long-surviving renal allografts in treated recipients. In renal allografts in animals on long-term CsA therapy, there is important up-regulation of transforming growth factor-beta, Hsp70, and endothelin as compared with control animals. Conversely, interleukin-2 receptor, interferon-gamma, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in kidney grafts in this group were expressed at lower levels compared with those noted in chronically rejecting grafts in control animals that had received only CsA for 10 days after transplantation. Morphologically, the long-term CsA-treated kidneys had more extensive arterial obliterative changes and glomerulosclerosis after 24 weeks than control organs; these changes can presumably be attributed to the nephrotoxic effects of this drug combined with the progressive changes of chronic rejection. In contrast, mycophenolate mofetil inhibited the production of all lymphocyte and macrophage-derived cytokines throughout the entire follow-up period. Allograft kidneys in these latter recipients showed no late morphological abnormalities. This agent may be important clinically in preventing chronic rejection.

View details for Web of Science ID A1996VU11700034

View details for PubMedID 8932288