We have previously described specific binding and cytotoxicity of human B lymphocytes by VH4-34 gene-derived anti-i cold agglutinin (CA) mAbs. Here we demonstrate that the carbohydrate ligand recognized by human VH4-34 anti-i CA mAbs is also expressed on murine B lymphocytes. Similar to human B cells, binding of murine B lymphocytes by VH4-34-derived anti-i CA mAbs leads to rapid cytotoxicity of target cells as tested both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, the mechanism leading to murine B cell death is also similar to human B cells, since morphologically identical membrane pores were detected within 15 min of mAb exposure by scanning electron microscopy. The conservation of the carbohydrate ligand across species provides an ideal system to study the function of human VH4-34 gene derived Abs in immune regulation.
View details for Web of Science ID A1997XV88200007
View details for PubMedID 9281387