A phase I/II trial of docetaxel, cisplatin, fluorouracil (5-FU), and leucovorin (TPFL5) induction chemotherapy for patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN).Twenty-three previously untreated patients with stage III or IV SCCHN and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group functional status less than or equal to 2 were treated with TPFL5. Postchemotherapy home support included intravenous fluids, prophylactic antibiotics, and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Docetaxel dose was escalated to determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD). Fifteen patients were treated with three cycles of TPFL5 at MTD. Patients who achieved either a partial response (PR) or complete response (CR) to three cycles of TPFL5 then received definitive twice-daily radiation therapy. Toxicity and clinical and pathologic response to TPFL5 were assessed.Twenty-three patients received a total of 69 cycles of TPFL5. The MTD was determined to be docetaxel 60 mg/m2. Dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was neutropenia. Additional significant toxicities at MTD were nausea, mucositis, diarrhea, peripheral neuropathy, and sodium-wasting nephropathy. The overall response rate to TPFL5 was 100%, which included 14 of 23 (61%) clinical CRs and nine of 23 (39%) clinical PRs. Primary-site clinical and pathologic CR rates were 19 of 22 (86%) CRs and 20 of 22 (91%) CRs, respectively. Eight patients had less than a CR in the neck to chemotherapy and, therefore, had postradiation neck dissections, four of which were positive for residual tumor.TPFL5 is a tolerable induction regimen in patients with good performance status. The DLT is neutropenia with significant mucositis, diarrhea, peripheral neuropathy, and sodium-wasting nephropathy. The high response rates to TPFL5 justify further evaluation of this combination of agents in the context of formal clinical trials.
View details for Web of Science ID 000072875700015
View details for PubMedID 9552034