Mitral annular size and shape in sheep with annuloplasty rings Meeting of the American-Heart-Association Glasson, J. R., Green, G. R., Nistal, J. F., Dagum, P., Komeda, M., Daughters, G. T., Bolger, A. F., Foppiano, L. E., Ingels, N. B., Miller, D. C. MOSBY-ELSEVIER. 1999: 302–9


Mitral annuloplasty is an important element of most mitral repairs, yet the effects of various types of annuloplasty rings on mitral annular dynamics are still debated. Recent studies suggest that flexible rings preserve physiologic mitral annular area change during the cardiac cycle, while rigid rings do not.To clarify the effects of mitral ring annuloplasty on mitral annular dynamic geometry, we sutured 8 radiopaque markers equidistantly around the mitral anulus in 3 groups of sheep (n = 7 each: no ring, Carpentier-Edwards semi-rigid Physio-Ring [Baxter Healthcare Corp, Edwards Division, Santa Ana, Calif], and Duran flexible ring [Medtronic, Inc, Minneapolis, Minn]). Ring sizes were selected according to anterior leaflet area and inter-trigonal distance (Physio-Ring 28 mm, n = 7; Duran ring 31 mm, n = 5, and 29 mm, n = 2). After 8 +/- 1 days of recovery, the sheep were sedated and studied by means of biplane videofluoroscopy. Mitral annular area was calculated from 3-dimensional marker coordinates without assuming circular or planar geometry.In the no ring group, mitral annular area varied during the cardiac cycle by 11% +/- 2% (mean +/- SEM; maximum = 7.6 +/- 0.2, minimum = 6.8 +/- 0.2 cm2; P

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