Ten patients underwent aortic arch replacement for aneurysmal disease from 1970 to 1985 using a simplified cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) technique with partial brachiocephalic perfusion, low CPB flow (30 to 50 ml/kg/min), moderate systemic cooling (26 degrees to 28 degrees C), and topical hypothermic myocardial protection. The arterial line from a single pump head has a Y shape to perfuse the femoral artery (20F cannula) and either the innominate or left carotid artery (14F). Of the 10 patients (mean age, 58 years) with arch aneurysm (6 atherosclerotic, 2 dissections, and 2 degenerative), 3 had previously undergone major cardiovascular operations. Concomitant procedures included aortic valve replacement in 4 and coronary artery bypass grafting in 3. Eight patients survived the procedure, and 1 died three weeks after operation of a ruptured abdominal aneurysm. Among the survivors, CPB time was 119 +/- 36 minutes (+/- standard deviation), myocardial ischemia time was 79 +/- 32 minutes, and intraoperative blood requirement was 5.9 +/- 3.4 units. There were no postoperative strokes. Neurological complications were only minor and included an asymptomatic miosis and ulnar nerve paresthesias in 1 patient and transient vocal cord palsy in another. Applicable in most patients undergoing elective resection of degenerative and atherosclerotic arch aneurysms and in selected patients with arch dissections, this simplified technique of brachiocephalic perfusion without circulatory arrest provides an attractive and safe alternative; the potential advantages are technical simplicity, reduced CPB and operating times, and satisfactory cerebral protection.
View details for Web of Science ID A1986E046200010
View details for PubMedID 3489444