We report a child with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus. The diagnosis was confirmed by low ADAMTS13 activity (<5%) along with the presence of a low titer inhibitor. Her clinical course was complicated by systemic lupus erythematosus, immunosuppressant therapy, and septic shock. She responded to plasma exchange and ADAMTS13 activity levels recovered. This case illustrates the heterogeneity of TTP and the difficulty of making a diagnosis of TTP. ADAMTS13 activity assay can be useful in the differential diagnosis of diseases with clinical features of thrombotic microangiopathy in pediatric patients. However, treatment needs to be decided carefully case-by-case.
View details for DOI 10.1097/MPH.0b013e318208425d
View details for Web of Science ID 000288694700022
View details for PubMedID 21336165