For decades since its introduction, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) was used only to treat intracranial lesions because intracranial targets could be immobilized and located relative to a rigid metal frame affixed to the patient's head. Lesions outside the head were generally not treated with SRS because it is difficult to immobilize extracranial lesions and to attach stereotactic frames elsewhere on the body. Advances in computerized image guidance and robotics allowed the development of systems, such as the CyberKnife SRS System (Accuray, Inc, Sunnyvale, CA), that could target intracranial lesions without the stereotactic frame. Enhancements have resulted in a radiation delivery system that can accurately deliver high-dose, focal radiation to lesions in the spine, chest, and abdomen, even if they move during respiration. In this review we will describe the technical features of frameless SRS systems and briefly review their application to treating intracranial and extracranial lesions, focusing in particular on spinal lesions.
View details for Web of Science ID 000240089900014
View details for PubMedID 16866572