Twenty-two symptomatic patients underwent a total of 28 reoperative procedures after initial surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Sixteen of the patients were considered to have unfavorable anatomy of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) or pulmonary artery at the time of initial repair. Pulmonary or tricuspid valve replacement, or replacement of both valves, utilizing a xenograft bioprosthesis was performed in 1 of the 22 initial repairs, 7 of the 22 first reoperations, and 5 of the 6 second reoperations. Ultimately, 14 patients received transannular RVOT patches. The interval between the first and second reoperations for 6 patients who required 2 late reconstructive procedures was 5.8 years. No operative deaths occurred. There were 2 late deaths (1 sudden and 1 due to aspiration). Actuarial survival probability (+/- standard error of the mean) 16 years after initial repair was 72 +/- 21%. Eighteen of the 20 current survivors in the present series are completely asymptomatic without physical restrictions; the other 2 are considered to be in New York Heart Association Functional Class II. No xenograft bioprosthetic dysfunction has occurred to date, but cumulative valve follow-up is limited (13 patient-years). In selected patients, earlier pulmonary or tricuspid valve replacement or replacement of both of these valves can provide some degree of protection against recurrent deterioration.
View details for Web of Science ID A1979HK73000008
View details for PubMedID 485625