Daily intravenous (i.v.) busulfan is increasingly being used in hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) conditioning regimens. Intravenous busulfan doses administered at the traditional frequency of every 6 hours can be targeted ((T)Bu) to a patient-specific concentration at steady state (C(ss)) using therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). In this report, we describe our experiences with TDM of daily i.v. busulfan in an adult population, with the specific aims of (1) evaluating covariates associated with busulfan clearance, and (2) assessing the feasibility of TDM for outpatient administration of daily (T)Bu with pharmacokinetic sampling over 6 hours. A retrospective pharmacokinetic analysis was conducted in 87 adults receiving daily (T)Bu as part of cyclophosphamide followed by (T)BU (CY/(T)BU), fludarabine monophosphate (fludarabine) followed by (T)BU, or (T)BU concurrent with fludarabine conditioning. The desired C(ss) was achieved in 85% of patients receiving daily i.v. busulfan. Busulfan clearance was not associated with sex or age, but was associated with the day of dosing and conditioning regimen (P = .0016). In patients receiving CY/(T)BU, no differences in clearance were found between dosing days (P > .36); however, clearance decreased significantly in patients receiving fludarabine-based regimens (P = .0016). Busulfan clearance and C(ss) estimates from pharmacokinetic sampling over 8, 11, or 24 hours were comparable (P > .4). However, pharmacokinetic modeling of individual patient concentration-time data over 6 hours could not reliably estimate busulfan clearance or C(ss).
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.bbmt.2011.06.013
View details for Web of Science ID 000299398500015
View details for PubMedID 21736869