Tenofovir is superior to entecavir for achieving complete viral suppression in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B patients with high HBV DNA ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY & THERAPEUTICS Gao, L., Trinh, H. N., Li, J., Nguyen, M. H. 2014; 39 (6): 629-637


Entecavir (ETV) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) are the two first-line anti-viral therapies for chronic hepatitis B (CHB); however, there are limited studies directly comparing their effectiveness.To compare the effectiveness of ETV and TDF in nucleos(t)ide-naïve CHB patients with high hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels, defined as serum HBV DNA greater than 6 log10  IU/mL.We performed a retrospective multicentre cohort study of adult CHB patients who were seen between 2009 and 2012 at four Northern California community gastroenterology and hepatology clinics.We identified 59 consecutive patients treated with TDF and 216 patients treated with ETV. Pre-treatment characteristics were similar between the two groups. Among HBeAg-negative patients, there was no significant difference in viral suppression rates between ETV and TDF (P = 0.72). In contrast, among HBeAg-positive patients, those treated with TDF achieved viral suppression significantly more rapidly than those treated with ETV (P < 0.0001); the Kaplan-Meier estimated probability of complete suppression was 18% vs. 11% at 6 months, 51% vs. 28% at 12 months and 72% vs. 39% at 18 months respectively. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis indicated that treatment with TDF compared to ETV was a significant predictor of viral suppression, but only for HBeAg-positive patients (HR = 2.59; 95% CI 1.58-4.22; P < 0.001).Tenofovir is significantly more effective than entecavir for achieving complete viral suppression in HBeAg-positive, nucleos(t)ide-naïve chronic hepatitis B patients with HBV DNA greater than 6 log10  IU/mL.

View details for DOI 10.1111/apt.12629

View details for Web of Science ID 000331621500009

View details for PubMedID 24467455