Acute Myocardial Rescue with Endogenous Endothelial Progenitor Cell Therapy HEART LUNG AND CIRCULATION Atluri, P., Panlilio, C. M., Liao, G. P., Hiesinger, W., Harris, D. A., McCormick, R. C., Cohen, J. E., Jin, T., Feng, W., Levit, R. D., Dong, N., Woo, Y. J. 2010; 19 (11): 644-654


Post-myocardial infarction heart failure is a major health concern with limited therapy. Molecular revascularisation utilising granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GMCSF) mediated endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) upregulation and stromal cell derived factor-1a (SDF) mediated myocardial EPC chemokinesis, may prevent myocardial loss and adverse remodelling. Vasculogenesis, viability, and haemodynamic improvements following therapy were investigated.Lewis rats (n=91) underwent LAD ligation and received either intramyocardial SDF and subcutaneous GMCSF or saline injections at the time of infarction. Molecular and haemodynamic assessments were performed at pre-determined time points following ligation.SDF/GMCSF therapy upregulated EPC density as shown by flow cytometry (0.12±0.02% vs. 0.06±0.01% circulating lymphocytes, p=0.005), 48hours following infarction. A marked increase in perfusion was evident eight weeks after therapy, utilising confocal angiography (5.02±1.7×10(-2)µm(3)blood/µm(3)myocardial tissue vs. 2.03±0.710(-2)µm(3)blood/µm(3)myocardial tissue, p=0.00004). Planimetric analysis demonstrated preservation of wall thickness (0.98±0.09mm vs. 0.67±0.06mm, p=0.003) and ventricular diameter (7.81±0.99mm vs. 9.41±1.1mm, p=0.03). Improved haemodynamic function was evidenced by echocardiography and PV analysis (ejection fraction: 56.4±18.1% vs. 25.3±15.6%, p=0.001; pre-load adjusted maximal power: 6.6±2.6mW/µl(2) vs. 2.7±1.4mW/µl(2), p=0.01).Neovasculogenic therapy with GMCSF-mediated EPC upregulation and SDF-mediated EPC chemokinesis maybe an effective therapy for infarct modulation and preservation of myocardial function following acute myocardial infarction.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.hlc.2010.06.1056

View details for Web of Science ID 000283908600002

View details for PubMedID 20719564

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3235678