Sixty patients with persistent or recurrent primary hyperparathyroidism underwent reexploration during which urinary cyclic adenosine monophosphate (UcAMP) levels were determined at half-hour intervals by radioimmunoassay. Retrospective analysis of the data allowed us to develop UcAMP criteria for surgical success. Following removal of parathyroid tissue, if an individual UcAMP level dropped 50% from the median baseline level, or if elevated levels dropped to less than 4.0 nmol/dl glomerular filtrate, surgery was predicted to be successful. Eight unsuccessful procedures in seven patients produced no decline in UcAMP, and the intraoperative results accurately predicted surgical failure. Fifty-three patients underwent successful procedures and in every case UcAMP fell. Ninety-eight per cent of these successful procedures were predicted by our criteria. Levels of UcAMP fell 1.5 +/- 0.5 hours (means +/- SD) following abnormal parathyroidectomy. In 19 of 36 successful cases diagnosed before surgery as adenoma, the operative procedure was terminated before a significant drop in UcAMP. In 16 of 17 successful cases diagnosed before surgery as hyperplasia or uncertain histology, UcAMP fell during the operation. Intraoperative determination of UcAMP is helpful in reoperative parathyroid surgery. The criteria established allow intraoperative prediction of success with remarkable accuracy. Urinary cyclic AMP is especially helpful in reoperation for multigland disease; when enough pathologic tissue has been removed, the criteria will be met and the procedure may be terminated with confidence.
View details for Web of Science ID A1984TM59200001
View details for PubMedID 6091573