We compared the efficacy of gene therapy mediated by interleukin-2 (IL-2) gene-modified tumor cells to gene therapy mediated by IL-2 transduced fibroblasts in the CT-26 model of murine colorectal carcinoma. We transduced CT-26 tumor cells and BALB/c 3T3 fibroblasts with three different retroviral vectors using three different promoters for the human IL-2 gene: DC/TKIL-2 (thymidine kinase promoter), LXSN-iIL2 (long terminal repeat promoter), and LNCX-iIL2 (cytomegalovirus promoter). These transductions resulted in CT-26 and 3T3 subclones that secreted different amounts of IL-2. Immunization of animals with either CT-26/IL-2 cells or with fibroblast/IL-2 cells mixed with CT-26 induced similar levels of immunity that protected 62-82% of animals against a subsequent tumor challenge with parental CT-26. However, mice developed tumors at the site of inoculation in 46% of the animals immunized with CT-26/IL-2 cells. In a separate experiment, CT-26/IL-2 cells were exposed to 6,000 cGy of gamma irradiation to prevent tumor growth at the site of inoculation. Although the CT-26/IL-2 cells continued to secrete IL-2 after irradiation, they were no longer effective at inducing antitumor immunity. In contrast, both irradiated and nonirradiated fibroblast/IL-2 cells, mixed with irradiated CT-26, were equally effective at inducing antitumor immunity. These data suggest that in the CT-26 model, fibroblast-mediated IL-2 gene therapy has advantages for the induction of antitumor immunity and abrogation of tumorigenic potential at the site of inoculation compared with tumor cell-mediated IL-2 gene therapy.
View details for Web of Science ID A1995RN34600002
View details for PubMedID 7582256