Angioplasty of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) has lower technical success rates with longer procedure times and poorer outcomes. Subintimal recanalization remains limited by the lack of controlled re-entry into the true lumen of the target vessel. We report our experience using a commercially available catheter-based system equipped with an intravascular ultrasound scanner to achieve controlled true lumen re-entry in patients with peripheral CTOs. In a 4-month period, 6 patients with lower extremity (LE) ischemia from CTOs were treated. Occluded segments were crossed subintimally, and controlled re-entry was secured using the CrossPoint TransAccess catheter. This 6.2 F dual-lumen catheter contains an integrated 64-element phased array intravascular ultrasound scanner enabling targeting of structures. Intravascular ultrasound-guided luminal re-entry was achieved by advancing a 24-gauge needle to a desired length and delivering a 0.014" guide wire into the target lumen. The occluded segments were balloon dilated and stented using self-expanding nitinol stents. Effective luminal re-entry and re-establishment of antegrade flow occurred in all 6 patients. Time to recanalization ranged from 5 to 10 minutes. All patients were free of ischemic symptoms at 1 to 5 month follow-up. There were no procedure-related complications. Our preliminary results demonstrate the feasibility of using this catheter system for subintimal recanalization with controlled re-entry in CTOs. This approach can improve the technical success rate, reduce the time of the procedure, and minimize potential complications.
View details for PubMedID 15071777