A 180/180° configuration has been reported to increase repair durability after valve-sparing aortic root replacement (V-SARR) for bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease. We studied the impact of commissural angular configuration (CAC) and of BAV type on valve performance after V-SARR.A total of 85 BAV patients (68 males, age 44 ± 11 years) underwent Tirone David-V V-SARR between 1997 and 2013. BAV type was documented intraoperatively, and CAC determined from pre- and postoperative computed tomography scans as the angle subtended by the non-fused cusp. Transthoracic echocardiogram was performed at 6 ± 3 days and at 2.9 ± 2.1 years. Functional end-points included freedom from aortic regurgitation (AR) 1+, AR 2+ and freedom from AR progression (0 to 1+, or 1+ to 2+). Tested variables included preoperative CAC (>160 vs <160°) and changes in CAC after V-SARR (? > 30° vs ? < 30°) and Sievers' BAV type (SØ or S1).CAC in SØ-BAV (n = 26) changed minimally from 164 ± 12 to 171 ± 11° (mean ? = 7.2 ± 16°, P = 0.044), whereas in S1-BAV (n = 59) CAC changed substantially from 132 ± 19 to 156 ± 18° (mean ? = 27 ± 21°, P < 0.001). Larger postoperative CAC angles were not linked to better mid-term valve performance, but Sievers' BAV type had a major effect on valve performance: mild AR in S1/i BAV progressed more often (76 vs 32% at 4 years, P = 0.017) and 1+ AR was more frequent (70 vs 36% at 4 years, P = 0.008) compared with SØ-BAV.BAV type, including number of raphes, sinuses and commissures (SØ superior to S1) but not commissure geometry within the neoroot alone, appears to be linked to functional outcomes after V-SARR for BAV.
View details for DOI 10.1093/icvts/ivu123
View details for PubMedID 24903440