Nerve injury about the shoulder in athletes, Part 2 - Long thoracic nerve, spinal accessory nerve, burners/stingers, thoracic outlet syndrome AMERICAN JOURNAL OF SPORTS MEDICINE Safran, M. R. 2004; 32 (4): 1063-1076


Nerve injuries about the shoulder in athletes are being recognized with increasing frequency. Prompt and correct diagnosis of these injuries is important to treat the patient and to understand the potential complications and natural history, so as to counsel our athletes appropriately. This 2-part article is a review and an overview of the current state of knowledge regarding some of the more common nerve injuries seen about the shoulder in athletes, including long thoracic nerve, spinal accessory nerve, burners and stingers, and thoracic outlet syndrome. Each of these clinical entities will be discussed independently, reviewing the anatomy, mechanism of injury, patient presentation (history and examination), the role of additional diagnostic studies, differential diagnosis, and management.

View details for DOI 10.1177/0363546504265193

View details for Web of Science ID 000221706200031

View details for PubMedID 15150060