Basics of intravascular ultrasound: an essential tool for the endovascular surgeon. Seminars in vascular surgery Lee, J. T., White, R. A. 2004; 17 (2): 110-118


The concept of catheter-based ultrasound imaging was first introduced in the early 1970s. Since its inception, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) technology has become more user-friendly because of improvements in both the catheters and computer-driven imaging platforms. IVUS catheters enable luminal and transmural cross-sectional imaging of coronary and peripheral blood vessels with high-dimensional accuracy and detailed information about lesion morphology. With the advent of endovascular techniques in both the coronary and peripheral vasculature, IVUS has emerged as a useful and necessary adjunct. In addition to providing diagnostic information, IVUS enables optimal choice of appropriate angioplasty technique, endovascular device guidance, and controlled assessment of the efficacy of interventions. In this review we discuss the design and function of available IVUS catheters, imaging techniques and interpretation, and the present and future clinical utility in peripheral endovascular interventions.

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