Esophageal cancer: staging system and guidelines for staging and treatment JOURNAL OF THORACIC DISEASE Berry, M. F. 2014; 6: S289-S297


Survival of esophageal cancer is improving but remains poor. Esophageal cancer stage is based on depth of tumor invasion, involvement of regional lymph nodes, and the presence or absence of metastatic disease. Appropriate work-up is critical to identify accurate pre-treatment staging so that both under-treatment and unnecessary treatment is avoided. Treatment strategy should follow guideline recommendations, and generally should be developed after multidisciplinary evaluation.

View details for DOI 10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2014.03.11

View details for Web of Science ID 000338282200002

View details for PubMedID 24876933