Persistent N2 disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for non-small-cell lung cancer 14th World Conference on Lung Cancer Higgins, K. A., Chino, J. P., Ready, N., Onaitis, M. W., Berry, M. F., D'Amico, T. A., Kelsey, C. R. MOSBY-ELSEVIER. 2011: 1175–79


Patients achieving a mediastinal pathologic complete response with neoadjuvant chemotherapy have improved outcomes compared with patients with persistent N2 disease. How to best manage this latter group of patients is unknown, prompting a review of our institutional experience.All patients who initiated neoadjuvant therapy for non-small-cell lung cancer from 1995 to 2008 were evaluated. The patients were excluded if they had received preoperative radiotherapy, had had a mediastinal pathologic complete response, or had evidence of disease progression after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The clinical endpoints were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier product-limit method and compared using a log-rank test.A total of 28 patients were identified. The median follow-up period was 24 months. Several neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens were used, most commonly carboplatin with vinorelbine (36%) or paclitaxel (32%). A partial response to chemotherapy was noted in 23 (82%) and stable disease was noted in 5 (18%) on postchemotherapy imaging. Resection was performed in 22 of 28 patients, consisting of lobectomy in 14, pneumonectomy in 2, and wedge/segmentectomy in 6 (21/22 R0, 1/22 R1). There were no postoperative deaths. Postoperative therapy (radiotherapy and/or additional chemotherapy) was administered to 12 patients (55%). The remaining 6 patients generally received definitive radiotherapy with or without additional chemotherapy. The overall and disease-free survival rate at 1, 3, and 5 years was 75%, 37%, and 37% and 50%, 23%, and 19%, respectively. The survival rate at 5 years was similar between patients undergoing resection (34%) and those receiving definitive radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy (40%; P = .73).Disease-free and overall survival was sufficiently high to warrant aggressive local therapy (surgery or radiotherapy) in patients with persistent N2 disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2011.07.059

View details for Web of Science ID 000296337500033

View details for PubMedID 22014344