We analyzed electromechanical mismatch (EMM) and its relationship to ventricular repolarization in patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).In 39 DCM patients with LVEF<40% and NHYA class =III, electroanatomical mapping was used to quantify areas of EMM. High resolution ECG was used to measure heart rate variability (HRV) and QT variability (QTVI). EMM was present in 22 patients (56%, Group 1), whereas 17 patients presented no mismatched segments (44%, Group 2). The groups did not differ in age (56±10 years in Group 1 vs. 57±7 years in Group 2, P=0.82), sex (male: 82% vs. 94%, P=0.40), LVEF (27±8% vs. 25±6%, P=0.18), or NT-proBNP (2350 pg/ml vs. 2831 pg/ml, P=0.32). Although heart rate and HRV were similar in both groups (rate: 80±20 bpm in Group 1 vs. 74±19 bpm in Group 2, P=0.47; SDNN: 106±79 vs. 88±115, P=0.61), we found significantly higher QTVI values in patients from Group 1 (-1.15±0.46 vs. -1.62±0.51 in Group 2, P=0.005). In patients with ICDs, ventricular arrhythmias recorded within 1 year prior enrollment were more frequent in Group 1 than Group 2 (58% vs. 13%, P=0.02).EMM is present in majority of patients with DCM and is associated with ventricular repolarization instability.clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01350310.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.cardfail.2014.10.002
View details for Web of Science ID 000346229300004
View details for PubMedID 25305502