Genome-wide association study of breast cancer in Latinas identifies novel protective variants on 6q25 NATURE COMMUNICATIONS Fejerman, L., Ahmadiyeh, N., Hu, D., Huntsman, S., Beckman, K. B., Caswell, J. L., Tsung, K., John, E. M., Torres-Mejia, G., Carvajal-Carmona, L., Echeverry, M. M., Tuazon, A. M., Ramirez, C., Gignoux, C. R., Eng, C., Gonzalez-Burchard, E., Henderson, B., Le Marchand, L., Kooperberg, C., Hou, L., Agalliu, I., Kraft, P., Lindstroem, S., Perez-Stable, E. J., Haiman, C. A., Ziv, E. 2014; 5

Abstract

The genetic contributions to breast cancer development among Latinas are not well understood. Here we carry out a genome-wide association study of breast cancer in Latinas and identify a genome-wide significant risk variant, located 5' of the Estrogen Receptor 1 gene (ESR1; 6q25 region). The minor allele for this variant is strongly protective (rs140068132: odds ratio (OR) 0.60, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.53-0.67, P=9 × 10(-18)), originates from Indigenous Americans and is uncorrelated with previously reported risk variants at 6q25. The association is stronger for oestrogen receptor-negative disease (OR 0.34, 95% CI 0.21-0.54) than oestrogen receptor-positive disease (OR 0.63, 95% CI 0.49-0.80; P heterogeneity=0.01) and is also associated with mammographic breast density, a strong risk factor for breast cancer (P=0.001). rs140068132 is located within several transcription factor-binding sites and electrophoretic mobility shift assays with MCF-7 nuclear protein demonstrate differential binding of the G/A alleles at this locus. These results highlight the importance of conducting research in diverse populations.

View details for DOI 10.1038/ncomms6260

View details for Web of Science ID 000343985400009

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4204111