Postsurgical readmissions are common and vary by procedure. They are significant drivers of increased expenditures in the health care system. Reducing readmissions is a national priority that has summoned significant effort and resources. Before the impact of quality improvement efforts can be measured, baseline procedure-related 30-day all-cause readmission rates are needed. The objects of this study were to determine population-level, 30-day, all-cause readmission rates for cranial neurosurgery and identify factors associated with readmission.The authors identified patient discharge records for cranial neurosurgery and their 30-day all-cause readmissions using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) State Inpatient Databases for California, Florida, and New York. Patients were categorized into 4 groups representing procedure indication based on ICD-9-CM diagnosis codes. Logistic regression models were developed to identify patient characteristics associated with readmissions. The main outcome measure was unplanned inpatient admission within 30 days of discharge.A total of 43,356 patients underwent cranial neurosurgery for neoplasm (44.23%), seizure (2.80%), vascular conditions (26.04%), and trauma (26.93%). Inpatient mortality was highest for vascular admissions (19.30%) and lowest for neoplasm admissions (1.87%; p < 0.001). Thirty-day readmissions were 17.27% for the neoplasm group, 13.89% for the seizure group, 23.89% for the vascular group, and 19.82% for the trauma group (p < 0.001). Significant predictors of 30-day readmission for neoplasm were Medicaid payer (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.15-1.54) and fluid/electrolyte disorder (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.29-1.62); for seizure, male sex (OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.17-2.60) and index admission through the emergency department (OR 2.22, 95% CI 1.45-3.43); for vascular, Medicare payer (OR 1.21, 95% CI 1.05-1.39) and renal failure (OR 1.52, 95% CI 1.29-1.80); and for trauma, congestive heart failure (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.16-1.80) and coagulopathy (OR 1.51, 95% CI 1.25-1.84). Many readmissions had primary diagnoses identified by the AHRQ as potentially preventable.The frequency of 30-day readmission rates for patients undergoing cranial neurosurgery varied by diagnosis between 14% and 24%. Important patient characteristics and comorbidities that were associated with an increased readmission risk were identified. Some hospital-level characteristics appeared to be associated with a decreased readmission risk. These baseline readmission rates can be used to inform future efforts in quality improvement and readmission reduction.
View details for DOI 10.3171/2014.12.JNS14447
View details for Web of Science ID 000356981200025
View details for PubMedID 25658784