Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) is essential for eradication of established large tumors by interleukin-12 (IL-12), but the critical source of IFN-gamma has not been defined. Adoptive transfer of T cells into T cell-deficient mice allows for evaluation of the role of T cells and T cell production of IFN-gamma in the antitumor immune response.Wild-type C57BL/6, IL-12 receptor-beta1 knockout (IL-12Rbeta1 KO), IFN-gamma knockout (IFN-gamma KO), and IFN-gamma receptor-alpha knockout (IFN-gammaRalpha KO) mice were immunized and used as donors for adoptive transfer. Transfer of either splenocytes or CD90(+) T cells was performed into recipient T cell receptor-beta knockout (TCRbeta KO) and IFN-gamma/TCRbeta double knockout mice bearing 14-day subcutaneous MCA207 tumors. Half of the mice were treated with IL-12, and cure rates were compared.Transfer of either 1/4 immunized spleen equivalent or 10(7) immunized T cells into both TCRbeta KO and IFN-gamma/TCRbeta KO mice resulted in 80% to 100% cure when given with IL-12. However, transfer of 10(7) immunized T cells from IFN-gamma KO mice into TCRbeta KO mice was ineffective with or without IL-12. T cell response to IL-12, but not IFN-gamma, was required for tumor regression.Production of IFN-gamma by IL-12-responsive tumor-sensitized T cells is both necessary and sufficient for complete tumor eradication induced by IL-12. T cells are the source, but not the target, of IFN-gamma during tumor regression.
View details for DOI 10.1067/msy.2002.125352
View details for Web of Science ID 000177851900037
View details for PubMedID 12219036