Silencing lamin A/C in human endometrial stromal cells: a model to investigate endometrial gene function and regulation MOLECULAR HUMAN REPRODUCTION Tulac, S., Dosiou, C., Suchanek, E., Giudice, L. C. 2004; 10 (10): 705-711


Silencing of a target mRNA by small interfering RNA (siRNA) has emerged as a new and powerful tool to study gene function, and post-transcriptional gene silencing can now be accomplished with 21-23 nucleotide RNA that mediate sequence-specific mRNA degradation. In the current study we employed lamin A/C siRNA to silence lamin A/C expression in cultured human endometrial stromal cells and investigated downstream cellular markers for proof of concept. Human endometrial stromal cells from three subjects were transfected with lamin A/C siRNA or non-silencing fluorescein-labelled siRNA, and flow cytometric analysis revealed 95-98% transfection efficiency after 6 h of treatment. RT-PCR and quantitative RT-PCR were used to measure mRNA degradation of lamin A/C, and 75-88% silencing was observed 48 h post-transfection. Western blotting and immunocytochemistry confirmed corresponding decrease in lamin A/C protein within 48 h of gene silencing. The downstream effect of lamin A/C silencing was investigated by immunocytochemical analysis of the cellular localization of the protein, emerin, an important component of the nuclear lamina and known to be regulated by lamin expression. Marked displacement of emerin from the nuclear lamina to the cytoplasm was observed when lamin A/C was silenced in human endometrial stromal cells, confirming functional silencing of lamin A/C resulting in a nuclear lamina assembly defect. Silencing target mRNA by siRNA in human endometrial stromal cells can be more broadly applied to investigate the function and regulation of other genes in this cell type, and the methodology and data presented herein strongly support the more widespread use of this powerful tool in endometrial biology research.

View details for DOI 10.1093/molehr/gah105

View details for Web of Science ID 000223945600001

View details for PubMedID 15347737