Management of submacular hemorrhage associated with retinal arterial macroaneurysms AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY Humayun, M., Lewis, H., Flynn, H. W., Sternberg, P., Blumenkranz, M. S. 1998; 126 (3): 358-361


Experience is reported with intraoperative pharmacologic lysis of recent submacular hemorrhage with tissue plasminogen activator followed by surgical drainage of the unclotted blood in patients with retinal arterial macroaneurysms.Nine eyes (nine patients) with a recent (< or = 7 days old) submacular hemorrhage involving the center of the fovea secondary to retinal arterial macroaneurysm that were managed with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator-assisted subretinal hemorrhage evacuation, including subretinal injection of tissue plasminogen activator and removal of the liquefied blood. Patients were followed for a mean 18 +/- 7 months (range, 7 to 30 months).All nine eyes had improved final corrected visual acuity after surgery, and eight eyes (89%) attained a corrected visual acuity of 20/60 or better (mean, 20/40; range, 20/20 to 20/200). Final corrected visual acuity was limited to 20/200 in one eye. Two eyes developed a cataract that required surgery.Submacular surgery with tissue plasminogen activator-assisted thrombolysis achieved improved best-corrected visual acuity in eyes with recent submacular hemorrhage involving the center of the fovea associated with retinal arterial macroaneurysm.

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