MRA-CN, the alkylating cyanomorpholino derivative of doxorubicin (DOX), is extremely potent (100 to 1000 fold increase in cytotoxicity in vitro and in vivo), more lipophilic, non-cardiotoxic, and non-cross-resistant in multidrug resistant cells compared to DOX. We have developed an ovarian carcinoma cell line ES-2R that is 4-fold resistant to MRA-CN, compared to the parental ES-2 cells. This resistant cell line exhibits cross-resistance to alkylators and ionizing radiation. Glutathione (GSH) and GSH-dependent enzymes were found to be altered in the resistant cells with 1.5-fold increase in GSH, and 2- to 3-fold increase in the pi-class glutathione-s-transferase (GST) protein. Both D,L buthionine-S,R-sulfoximine (BSO) and ethacrynic acid (EA), inhibitors of GSH biosynthesis and pi-class GST activity, respectively, could sensitize the ES-2R cells to MRA-CN. These findings implicate a role for GSH metabolism in resistance of ES-2R cells to MRA-CN. The data also indicates the potential utility of EA to modulate GST activity and sensitize tumor cells toward alkylators.
View details for Web of Science ID A1992HJ37700041
View details for PubMedID 1544857