Diagnosis of food allergy can be challenging. Given the limited specificity of available allergy tests, these need to be interpreted in light of pre-test probability that is determined by a careful history. Using likelihood ratios calculated from previous publication may allow a more individualized assessment. This approach is likely to be most useful in patients with low to moderate results, below the 95% positive predictive value for that food. This review covers the diagnostic approach of immunoglobulin E-mediated food allergy. We first focus on the pre-test clinical assessment of a patient with a suspected food allergy. We then compare currently available diagnostic tests and discuss their performance for frequent food allergens. Finally, we conclude with the interpretation of allergy tests in light of the pre-test assessment to determine final probability of food allergy and indications for referral to an allergy specialist for food challenge.
View details for DOI 10.3928/00904481-20130522-10
View details for Web of Science ID 000322201500003
View details for PubMedID 23718238
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4161456