Patients with prior CABG with a subsequent non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (ACS) pose an increasingly important clinical problem. Although GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors have improved the outcome of patients with ACS, their efficacy in patients with prior CABG has not been previously evaluated. Methods and Results- We analyzed the 30- and 180-day outcomes of patients with prior CABG enrolled in the Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in Unstable Angina: Receptor Suppression Using Integrilin Therapy (PURSUIT) trial. In this trial, which evaluated the efficacy of eptifibatide in patients with ACS, 1134 patients (12%) with prior CABG and 8321 without prior CABG were enrolled. After adjusting for differences in baseline characteristics and treatment, patients with prior CABG had a significantly higher mortality rates at 30 days (hazard ratio [HR], 1.45 [95% CI, 1.06 to 1.98]; P=0.019) and at 180 days (HR, 1.32 [95% CI, 1.04 to 1.67]; P=0.021). At 30 days, there was a similar effect on the primary end point of death or myocardial infarction in the eptifibatide group versus the placebo group in prior CABG patients (unadjusted HR, 0.90 [95% CI, 0.67 to 1.20]) and in patients without a history of CABG (unadjusted HR, 0.89 [95% CI, 0.80 to 0.99]).Patients with prior CABG with non-ST-segment elevation ACS have a significantly worse prognosis than do patients without a history of CABG. The treatment effect of eptifibatide in the prior CABG group was similar to the effect seen in patients without prior CABG.
View details for Web of Science ID 000173466100015
View details for PubMedID 11804987