Human parathyroid adenomas are aberrantly regulated by extracellular calcium. We tested pertussis toxin, which ADP-ribosylates and inactivates several guanine nucleotide regulatory proteins, to test the role of these proteins in the secretory control of adenomatous parathyroid tissue. Pertussis toxin did not affect basal cAMP accumulation in 12 adenomas and enhanced parathyroid hormone (PTH) release in 6 of 10 adenomas. Prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) inhibited cAMP in three of six adenomas, and pertussis toxin pretreatment did not affect this result. PTH release in 7 of 10 adenomas was inhibited by PGF2 alpha, and pertussis toxin did not significantly alter PTH release. Pertussis toxin catalyzed ADP-ribosylation of a 40-kDa protein in all adenomas tested (n = 8). We conclude that cAMP accumulation was not affected by pertussis toxin but that in 6 of 10 adenomas, the toxin enhanced PTH release. We suggest that cAMP accumulation and PTH release may be uncoupled from negative control by inhibitory ligands in adenomatous tissue or that the G-proteins involved do not couple to regulatory receptors or to effector.
View details for Web of Science ID A1988M256300011
View details for PubMedID 2850725