Specimens from 15 scintigraphically true-positive adenomas (golden standard: histology), 15 false-negative adenomas, 15 true-positive hyperplasias, 15 false-negative hyperplasias, 15 true-negative normal glands from patients with hyperparathyroidism, and 15 normal glands from patients without hyperparathyroidism, all selected randomly, were studied. After fixation, sectioning and H and E staining, in all 90 tissues the number of oxyphil, chief, and clear cells was counted in five randomly selected squares (103 x 103 microns). In 30 tissues, the number of mitochondria per cell was counted in five randomly selected cells from each lesion in transmission electron photomicrographs. Total cell counts in each group and number of chief cells showed no correlation with lesion detectability by scintigraphy. However, true-positive lesions had a significantly higher number of oxyphil cells than false-negative or normal glands. Twenty-one of 30 true-positive lesions had a oxyphil-to-clear cell ratio > 1; in contrast to only two of 30 false-negative lesions and 0 of 30 normal glands (p < 0.0005). The number of mitochondria per cell was higher in oxyphil cells in true-positive lesions (adenomas: 155 +/- 58, hyperplasias: 55 +/- 18) than in chief or clear cells in false-negative or normal lesions (30 +/- 15, p < 0.001). Our data suggest that the detectability of abnormal parathyroid glands by 201TI/99mTc subtraction scintigraphy is in part dependent upon the presence of mitochondria-rich oxyphil cells.
View details for Web of Science ID A1993KE71500009
View details for PubMedID 8418265