Thirty-nine patients (29 children and ten adults) underwent OLT for liver disease associated with A1AD from March 1980 to March 1986. Thirty of thirty-six patients (83%) with available data were homozygous phenotype PiZZ. The other six were Pi heterozygotes, being either PiMZ or PiSZ. The mean A1A activity in homozygous and heterozygous patients was 38.8 mg/dL and 114.3 mg/dL respectively. Eight patients died during the first 3 months after OLT (20%). The 5-year actuarial survival is 83% and 60% in pediatric and adult recipients respectively. Today 30 (76%) of the recipients are alive, with follow-ups of 8 to 64 months (average 27 months). The quality of life in the surviving patients is excellent.
View details for PubMedID 3313926