The Semi-Open Approach to the Gracilis Muscle Flap: Aesthetic Refinements in Gracilis Muscle Harvest JOURNAL OF RECONSTRUCTIVE MICROSURGERY Momeni, A., Bannasch, H. 2009; 25 (1): 63-67


The gracilis muscle flap is certainly among the most versatile sources of vascularized tissue available for microsurgical reconstruction. However, the aesthetic appearance of the resultant scar has frequently been a source of dissatisfaction. Various minimal invasive techniques have been proposed, all of which aim to reduce scar formation. Drawbacks of endoscopic techniques, however, include a steep learning curve as well the need for special technical equipment. A semi-open approach without endoscopic assistance is presented, characterized by a short transverse incision in the groin area without a counterincision distally. This technique was performed in six patients (mean age, 48.8 years). Mean incision length was 8.8 cm, and average muscle harvesting time was 49 minutes. We suggest the semi-open approach to the gracilis muscle flap because it does not require special instruments and training and is characterized by easy performance and a short incision in the inconspicuous groin area with resultant better cosmesis.

View details for DOI 10.1055/s-0028-1104560

View details for Web of Science ID 000262164000010

View details for PubMedID 19048464