IFN regulatory factor-1 gene transfer into an aggressive, nonimmunogenic sarcoma suppresses the malignant phenotype and enhances immunogenicity in syngeneic mice JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY Yim, J. H., Wu, S. J., Casey, M. J., NORTON, J. A., Doherty, G. M. 1997; 158 (3): 1284-1292


IFN-gamma has a direct antitumor effect on many tumor cell lines mediated through the IFN-gammaR. One effect of IFN-gamma is to induce the nuclear transcription factor IFN regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1), which may function as a tumor suppressor. In this study, mouse IRF-1 cDNA under a high constitutive expression promoter was transfected into the highly aggressive, nonimmunogenic MCA 101 murine sarcoma. Clones were obtained by G418 selection and screened for IRF-1 mRNA expression by reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR). High expression clones had high levels of two MHC class I proteins (H-2Kb and H-2Db) on the cell surface that correlated with increased levels of class I mRNA by RT-PCR. Furthermore, these clones also had increased levels of MHC class II protein (I-Ab), which correlated with increased levels of one subunit of class II mRNA by RT-PCR. IRF-1-expressing clones had markedly diminished cell growth in vitro and decreased anchorage-independent growth in a soft agar assay. These clones also demonstrated markedly prolonged tumor latency and slowed growth in syngeneic C57BL/6 mice. IRF-1 gene-transfected cells had shortened tumor latency and formed faster growing tumors in gamma-irradiated immunodeficient mice compared with results in immunocompetent mice. Mice immunized with IRF-1-transfected cells were protected against subsequent challenge with IRF-1 transfected cells and also demonstrated greater tumor latency and slower tumor growth against subsequent challenge with untransfected cells compared with mice immunized with empty vector-transfected cells. These studies demonstrate a tumor suppressor effect of IRF-1, which acts in vivo through both partial reversion of the malignant phenotype and enhanced immune recognition and may play a role in the antitumor effects of IFN-gamma.

View details for Web of Science ID A1997WE02000033

View details for PubMedID 9013971