Early in medical education, physicians must develop competencies needed for tobacco dependence treatment.To assess the effect of a multi-modal tobacco dependence treatment curriculum on medical students' counseling skills.A group-randomized controlled trial (2010-2014) included ten U.S. medical schools that were randomized to receive either multi-modal tobacco treatment education (MME) or traditional tobacco treatment education (TE).Students from the classes of 2012 and 2014 at ten medical schools participated. Students from the class of 2012 (N?=?1345) completed objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs), and 50 % (N?=?660) were randomly selected for pre-intervention evaluation. A total of 72.9 % of eligible students (N?=?1096) from the class of 2014 completed an OSCE and 69.7 % (N?=?1047) completed pre and post surveys.The MME included a Web-based course, a role-play classroom demonstration, and a clerkship booster session. Clerkship preceptors in MME schools participated in an academic detailing module and were encouraged to be role models for third-year students.The primary outcome was student tobacco treatment skills using the 5As measured by an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) scored on a 33-item behavior checklist. Secondary outcomes were student self-reported skills for performing 5As and pharmacotherapy counseling.Although the difference was not statistically significant, MME students completed more tobacco counseling behaviors on the OSCE checklist (mean 8.7 [SE 0.6] vs. mean?8.0 [SE 0.6], p?=?0.52) than TE students. Several of the individual Assist and Arrange items were significantly more likely to have been completed by MME students, including suggesting behavioral strategies (11.8 % vs. 4.5 %, p?
View details for DOI 10.1007/s11606-015-3508-y
View details for PubMedID 26391030