Local MicroRNA Modulation Using a Novel Anti-miR21-Eluting Stent Effectively Prevents Experimental In-Stent Restenosis ARTERIOSCLEROSIS THROMBOSIS AND VASCULAR BIOLOGY Wang, D., Deuse, T., Stubbendorff, M., Chernogubova, E., Erben, R. G., Eken, S. M., Jin, H., Li, Y., Busch, A., Heeger, C., Behnisch, B., Reichenspurner, H., Robbins, R. C., Spin, J. M., Tsao, P. S., Schrepfer, S., Maegdefessel, L. 2015; 35 (9): 1945-1953


Despite advances in stent technology for vascular interventions, in-stent restenosis (ISR) because of myointimal hyperplasia remains a major complication.We investigated the regulatory role of microRNAs in myointimal hyperplasia/ISR, using a humanized animal model in which balloon-injured human internal mammary arteries with or without stenting were transplanted into Rowett nude rats, followed by microRNA profiling. miR-21 was the only significantly upregulated candidate. In addition, miR-21 expression was increased in human tissue samples from patients with ISR compared with coronary artery disease specimen. We systemically repressed miR-21 via intravenous fluorescein-tagged-locked nucleic acid-anti-miR-21 (anti-21) in our humanized myointimal hyperplasia model. As expected, suppression of vascular miR-21 correlated dose dependently with reduced luminal obliteration. Furthermore, anti-21 did not impede reendothelialization. However, systemic anti-miR-21 had substantial off-target effects, lowering miR-21 expression in liver, heart, lung, and kidney with concomitant increase in serum creatinine levels. We therefore assessed the feasibility of local miR-21 suppression using anti-21-coated stents. Compared with bare-metal stents, anti-21-coated stents effectively reduced ISR, whereas no significant off-target effects could be observed.This study demonstrates the efficacy of an anti-miR-coated stent for the reduction of ISR.

View details for DOI 10.1161/ATVBAHA.115.305597

View details for Web of Science ID 000360497600008

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4552606