Resting energy expenditure (REE), body cell mass (BCM), and body fat (BF) were measured in six male and seven female volunteers and in a homogeneous group of noncachectic patients with sarcoma, (n = 7). The patients all had large localized tumors, no history or clinical evidence of decreased food intake or weight loss, and had received no prior treatment for cancer. Indirect calorimetry (for REE), K40 analysis (for BCM), and anthropometric measurements (for BF) were performed in accordance with established methods. Physical activity and nutritional status were also assessed. As expected, female control subjects had 50% greater percent BF (p less than 0.001) and 13% less percent BCM (p less than 0.01) than male controls. Male patients with sarcoma had equivalent percent BF, but significantly less percent BCM than controls matched for age, sex, and body surface area (BSA) (p less than 0.05). The REE corrected for BSA was similar in male and female controls but was 25% greater in male sarcoma patients than in male controls (p less than 0.05). This difference was doubled when REE was corrected for BCM (p less than 0.01). In patients with sarcomas, REE/BSA varied inversely with percent BCM (r = -0.782; p less than 0.05) while a similar relationship was not observed in healthy volunteers. We conclude that both REE and vital, functional BCM can be significantly altered in sarcoma patients before any overt signs of cachexia develop. The results support the contention that sarcoma alters host energy metabolism and causes abnormal body composition.
View details for Web of Science ID A1987J950300006
View details for PubMedID 3629474