Wear and periprosthetic osteolysis of total joint replacements continue to be the most important problems in arthroplasty surgery. Despite the introduction of improved technologies including alternative bearing surfaces for TJRs, wear is inevitable because of relative movement at different interfaces and processes such as electrolysis and material degradation. Worn, clinically failing implants need to be followed closely and revised when appropriate. However, early wear and minor osteolysis do not result necessarily in progressive failure of the prosthesis. Indeed such cases may be followed up clinically and radiographically to establish the functional and biologic sequelae of wear and the timeline of these events. This scenario provides an opportunity to modulate the adverse biologic reaction associated with wear particles that includes chronic inflammation, the foreign body response, and periprosthetic bone destruction. Currently, immunological events associated with wear particles are becoming understood more clearly. Strategies to mitigate adverse processes associated with wear debris include local or systemic administration of immune modulators, signaling molecules, anti-inflammatory agents and growth factors, and altering osteoclast function. Ultimately, prevention of accelerated wear and periprosthetic osteolysis will be achieved with improved bearing surfaces and prosthetic designs.
View details for DOI 10.1097/01/blo.0000149998.88218.05
View details for PubMedID 15662302